The EU Commission have won a case against the Irish governement on failure to properly implement an EU directive from 1992 (Council Directive 92/100/EEC of 19 November 1992 on rental right and lending right and on certain rights related to copyright in the field of intellectual property).
The Irish government's crime? IPKat explains:
"They had exempted all categories of public lending establishments from the obligation to remunerate authors for any lending carried out by them, that's what they did."
IPKat welcomes the judgement. Personally, this time, I'm on the side of the Irish government, given the nature of the potential impact on open access.